The next world exposition, which will be held around the theme “Future Energy”, will focus on alternative sources of energy and transport. Construction has now begun on the 174-hectare development for Expo2017.
When completed, Astana Expo City 2017 will be one of the most sustainably built developments in the world, according to a statement from the architecture firm behind the design, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture (AS+GG). But sustainability isn’t just measured in terms of energy efficiency or resources.
Once the three-month expo is over, the 174-hectare development will be converted into an office and innovation park, as well as residential developments. As Adrian Smith, who along with Gordon Gill is the design architect and master planner of the project explained, one of the key challenges was to “design venues that could be easily converted into usable spaces such as museums, performing arts halls, office buildings, headquarters facilities, and educational facilities, after the three month exposition has transpired”.
As the theme for Expo 2017, which will run from 10 June to 10 September 2017, is “Future Energy”, the entire development has been designed to minimise the site’s energy use while maximising its energy efficiency and energy-harvesting potential. The buildings will operate as power plants, harnessing energy from the sun and wind. They will use the power directly and supply any excess power to the district-wide smart grid for storage or use, said Gordon Gill.
High-performance glazing will maximise solar heat gain in winter while providing shading in summer. Energy piles will reduce energy demand, while exposed thermal mass will provide temperature modulation within the buildings during both summer and winter. In addition, 90 per cent of the waste generated on-site will be diverted from a landfill thanks to recycling or composting, while rainwater will be harvested to save resources.
The site will also include dedicated pedestrian and bicycle lines and will be connected to the rest of Astana with several public transportation links.
“What was important to us in this project was working toward a higher standard for urban development and architectural design, one that serves the needs of a 21st-century community,” added Robert Forest, a partner at AS+GG. “Our philosophy was to design a community that can be used for the Expo, not an Expo that has to be retrofitted into a community.”
Image credit: © Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture